I wrapped fine copper wire around the top of the control column to simulate the binding. I replaced the column shaft with a 0.8mm metal shaft, a 0.5mm brass tube was fixed to the bottom of the column for a cable guide. The rudder bar and column support are painted a dark wood colour, cockpit floor is aluminium up front and CDL aft of the control column. Fuselage framing is light wood done in oils over water paint. Instrument panel has been base coated with acrylics waiting for oil paint wood graining. All metal brackets will be painted black.

Fuselage frame has been clear orange coated and then clear coated. I have started fitting the turnbuckles to the frame, 6 on each side. Foot boards are fitted to the cockpit floor plus some rigging under the boards. The instrument panel is nearly ready for the decals, still needs a gloss coat before that happens. Metal brackets have been painted using black printer ink, it is a very fine medium and does not hide any detail, it dries very quickly and takes the clear coats well.

Most of the cockpit area is now completed. Instrument panel is complete apart from the “glass” over the instrument faces. The decals went on extremely well and are very well detailed. All the control cables are fitted but not seen very well in these photos. Turnbuckles are all fitted along with the brace rigging, I used 0.12mm monofilament here with 0.4mm brass tube for the ends. The seat and instrument panel are only a dry fit, the seat still needs more work before it is fitted. I have added extra plumbing to the left side along with a throttle cable.

The cockpit area is now complete and fixed to one half of the fuselage. Seat and seat belt is on plus another turnbuckles across the face of the instrument panel. All painted surfaces have been clear coated with Humbrol Matt Cote. The rear of the fuselage has also had work done in readiness for the tail skid. I still need to add the control cables from under the seat running aft. Full fuselage close up is not far off.

Click any small picture for a larger image

The engine is just about complete, still needs plug leads and some heat staining on the intake pipes. I fixed the intake manifold problem by straightening the pipes a little, then bending the pipes rearward to be in line with the cylinder heads, then put more of a bend in the top of the pipe. After all this there was still a gap between the pipes and the intake port on the heads so I cut some brass shim to 0.55mm x 1.9mm and inserted them between each pipe and intake port on the cylinder heads, held it all together with a small drop of CA. For the plug leads I will be using 0.13mm copper wire and for the heat stain I like to use graphite powder. A trial fit of the engine cowl revealed that not a lot of the engine will be visible once it is all assembled.

I have just about completed the rear section of the fuselage, just needs a coat of matt clear. The tail skid has had a light wood colour applied. This aircraft has the adjustable tailplane fitted. The second picture shows the two fuselage halves ready for close-up. The inside fuselage and under side of the wings has been painted using CDL or Humbrol No. 121. Wing pre-shading has been done on the underside of both wings and the tailplane. You will find how I do my pre-shading here. Don’t forget to paint the back of the instrument panel as parts of it can be seen after the fuselage is closed up.

The previous picture showing the pre-shading shows 3 spars, this is wrong, the Pup only had 2 spars in line where the struts mount. I have corrected this error and now have wings with only 2 spars. The picture on the right shows the wings after the repair, still needs a coat of clear.

These photos show the wing edging completed plus the centre section of the bottom wing. The fuselage has been sprayed ready for the pre-shading, the paint used for this is Humbrol Dark Earth. Once it was dry then I applied the masking tape in line where the fuselage frames are. I used 0.5mm masking tape for this. The entire front section of the fuselage will be masked prior to painting of the fuselage. The tail skid, which is attached, is very weak at this stage and care must be taken as not to inflict any damage while handling the model, strength will be added to the assembly once the tail fin is fixed in place.

The upper and lower wings with paint applied. The fuselage has also had a coat of paint. The underside of the wings are nearly complete with the green edging and the pre-shading, the tailplane has been pre-shaded and also has had the edging applied. Next task will be to fit the eyelets to both wings in readiness for the rigging, decals will be applied to both wings before the wings are fitted to the aeroplane. The PC-10 colour is Humbrol No.155 as suggested by WNW in the instruction manual.

These two photos show the completed pulley inspection panels in the upper surface of both wings. The base colour is CDL, the pulleys are aluminium, the brackets are black and the wood frame work is Humbrol light tan. The control cable is done by using a very sharp lead in a propelling pencil, sharpened on a piece of fine wet and dry paper and very carefully applied to the moulded cable in the panel. All four panels still require a coat of clear before the plastic cover is fixed over top.

Decals went on extremely well conforming to all shapes beautifully. The wing decals are in two pieces so take care when placing them, the aileron decals must line up with the wing decals. I sprayed Humbrol Full Gloss No. 35 prior to decal application. Fuselage decals also went on beautifully, they settled down extremely well even over the stitching. Visible here is the result of my fuselage pre-shading, as subtle as it is it turned out exactly as I wanted it to be, just noticeable. Struts have been wood grained resulting in a light wood shade, as instructed by Wingnuts. Front end is painted using Humbrol No. 87, engine cowling will be the same.

Fitment of the bottom wing to the fuselage was not a simple task. I needed to sand the cockpit floor to nearly half it’s thickness before the wing/fuselage join was even close. I then had to reshape the wing leading edge cutout in the fuselage to allow it to sit higher, also had to file the cutout in the engine firewall to allow the assembly to sit higher. Once all this was done it was just a simple matter of doing some fine adjustments with a file and sand paper  then the wing fitted near perfect. It was a little annoying considering that the rest of the model to this point has gone together so well. Anyway, it was not what you would call a major catastrophe, just a little hiccup along the way. The wing struts will be fitted next then the top wing will be fixed in position.  

These photos show the struts with decals fixed, brackets painted and temporarily fitted to the wings. Fin has been glossed and decals fitted and the rudder has had it’s decals fitted, both fin and rudder require a coat of Matt clear. Engine is just sitting there for photos purposes. Cockpit padding has had a coat of Satin Clear. The struts were first painted with Gunze H318 Radome, once dry I applied Raw Sienna oil paint to give the wood grain. The strut brackets and pitot brackets were painted with printer ink then the whole lot coated with Humbrol No. 35 gloss clear. Once the decals are dry I will apply a coat of Humbrol Satin Cote.

I have completed most of the tail end rigging using 0.12mm monofilament  by Maxima in Chameleon colour. The brass sleeves are 0.4mm drilled out to 0.3mm and it is all held together with CA (super glue). You will notice that the elevator control horns have two lines running through the same hole, one from the fuselage the other going back to the rear of the elevator, take care here as it is a tight fit to get both lines through the same hole. Still to be fitted are the rudder control cables and tail skid steering cables, I will be using the same mono and method as above. Also note the timber work under the rear of the fuselage, the timber frame work inside the fuselage as well as the stitching.

I have rigged the top of all the struts plus fixed the four lines for the flying wires coming from the wing root. The top wing is now fixed in position and all rigging lines are hanging neatly in preparation for the final rigging assembly It is important to clean all paint from the strut locating holes in the bottom of the top wing because the locating pins on the top of each strut are a very neat fit, once glued the top wing is very sturdy even before the rigging takes place. Dihedral is pretty much spot on. The gun and Sopwith padded windscreen have also been fitted.

Above are some photos of the completed rigging. This is not a complicated rigging setup on this aircraft, there are double flying wires but these are quite easy to manage, there is plenty of room between the two wings to work. The strut stagger wires are connected to each strut through small molded brackets on the top and bottom of each strut, I drilled a 0.3mm hole in those brackets to take the rigging line. There will be more rigging on the undercarriage once it is completed and fitted. Once the top wing was fitted the process to connect up all the rigging lines took approximately three hours. My technique for rigging can be found here.


Control column  -         50% Gunmetal + 50% Polished Aluminium both Humbrol Metal Cote + a dash of gold leaf

Control Column grips -   Gunze Hemp H336

Cockpit floor forward -  Humbrol Aluminium 27001

Cockpit floor aft -        Gunze Pale Stone H121

Dark Timber -              Base of Gunze Hemp then Burnt Umber oil paints

Light timber -              Base of Gunze Radome then Raw Sienna oil paints with a tad of Burnt Sienna

Once dry, all internal timber was coated with Humbrol 1322 Clear Orange.

Brackets and

instrument bezels -      Black printer ink

Seat -                       Gunze H17 Cocoa Brown

Cushion -                   Gunze H47 Red Brown

Seat belts -                Humbrol No.121, No.62, 27003

Engine cylinders -        Humbrol Gun Metal 27004

Cylinder heads -          Same mix as control column

Intake pipes -             Gunze 215 metal color - copper

Wings -                      Uppers, Humbrol No.155

        -                      Lower, Humbrol No. 121

Fuselage -                  Humbrol 155

Cockpit padding -        Gunze H17 Cocoa Brown

Tail Skid -                  Base of Gunze Radome H318 then Raw Sienna oil paint

Struts -                     same as tail skid

Prop -                       Base of Gunze H310 Brown then Burnt Umber oil paint

Engine Cowl -             Humbrol No.87 Battleship Grey

Tyres -                     Graphite powder

This model has been an absolute delight to build and full compliments must go to Wingnut Wings for producing such a brilliant kit. The ease of assembly associated with this kit would certainly make it a great contender for anyone wishing to start building WW1 aircraft and possessing only limited experience, but for the more experienced modeller it offers scope for super detailing and finishing. I have built this kit virtually OOB just adding a little extra detail inside the cockpit area, but there are no limits to what could be added. The rigging is very basic and can quite easily be tackled by anyone with little rigging experience. Like all Wingnut Wings kits, there is no rigging material supplied with the kit. I would have no hesitation at all in recommending this kit.

I must send a big word of thanks to James Fahey for sending me this kit and giving me the opportunity to share my build log with everyone else, I hope my build will help others who may find difficulty with some aspects of the build but it is such an easy kit to build I doubt if anyone will have problems. Contact me with any questions.


These two photos show the modified Lewis gun. I drilled a 0.4mm hole through the centre of the barrel to a depth of about 5mm. In the same hole I drilled using a 1mm drill bit to about 2mm deep. I then cut a piece of 0.4mm brass tube to the correct length then inserted it into the 0.4mm hole with the end result as shown in the photos, it looks a lot better than just drilling a hole in the end of the barrel.

The photo on the right is a close-up of the completed prop with decal applied. These three photos also show the rigging connection points and the brass sleeves as mentioned earlier.

The undercarriage is now fixed in position, it has excellent locating pins and fits very securely, the undercarriage rigging adds a lot of extra rigidity to the assembly. As seen here, the flying wires which pass through (that’s the impression they give) the bottom wing and secure to the undercarriage legs are also fitted, fitting these was a little tricky as they are only very short, about 3mm. I glued 4 eyelets to the undercarriage legs then did the rigging in the normal way by adding brass sleeves, viewed from the front they line up perfectly with the flying wires between the two wings so the illusion is complete.

WNW Sopwith Pup